After a decade of shooting with Canon gear, I have finished a transition I started in 2014 and I now am shooting 100% of my images using the Fuji XT mirrorless cameras. This page lists the gear I carry, why I carry it and how I use it. If you have any questions, please drop me a note in email or on Twitter with your questions and I’ll be happy to answer as I can.
I shoot primarily landscapes and bird or wildlife photography. For the latter, super telephoto capability is critical and until Fuji released it’s 100-400 lens, none of the mirrorless platforms did a good job giving photographers that kind of magnification. With the release of that lens and the Fuji X-T2 and it’s autofocus and exposure control systems, it is finally possible to create a no-compromise camera system for those of us who need to capture fast and unpredictable action at long telephoto distances.
That change allowed me to make the change, but simply having that capability isn’t enough to warrant the cost of a platform shift. I felt there were a number of advantages to the Fuji mirrorless I wanted to take advantage of. The thing that first drew me to that camera was the quality and detail of the image captured by the sensor, along with a beautiful and pure color rendition, especially in blues and greens. The Canon sensor has always felt warm to me, adding some yellowing warmth into images, which is nice in people shots, but meant almost all of my landscapes required post processing to correct. The Fuji camera colors as they render out of a RAM image feel very true to me, rarely requiring correction (and as an old time film shooter, the ability to play with Velvia again can be a really fun thing; even better is that since it’s a digital change if I think Velvia is overdoing it, I can switch the image back to a less enthusiastic Provia setting any time I want)
The other big reason I decided to change to the Fuji platform is simple: weight. My former birding lens gave me a 560mm telephoto but weighed 8 pounds, which is difficult to reliably hand hold and get consistently good quality images, even with today’s image stabilization capabilities. With the Fuji X-T2, their 100-400 lens and a 1.4x teleconverter, I can get that same power in a package that weighs 3.5 pounds, about the size and weight of the Canon 100-400 lens, one of the classic birding lenses Canon users have long relied on.
Because Mirrorless gear is generally smaller and lighter than the equivalent gear in a DSLR line, I’ve been able to combine my setup into a single bag again and I no longer need to have separate landscape and wildlife configurations. I do carry a few specialty items in the car, such as a tripod fluid head for video work, and I have a small add-on bag that carries my audio gear for when I’m trying to record sounds as well as video or stills. This clips onto my main bag with a couple of carabiners but it’s something I often don’t carry or keep in the car in case I want to use it.
Here is a description of my camera gear, starting with my bag, and then a discussion of other items such as my tripods and other items I use to help me take good photos.
My Camera Bag
After years with my venerable Think Tank Airport Accelerator backpack, I finally opted for a new camera bag, a Lowepro Runner 450. I changed for one reason: the old bag was too big and had a lot of empty space in it. While I was tempted to buy more gear to fill it, I opted instead for a somewhat smaller bag instead (the Airport Accelerator is in good hands though, and now my wife’s primary bag). I like this bag; it’s comfortable to wear and it’s got good organization with inserts for a big lens and three pockets, and it carries my gear with a bit of extra room without feeling stuffed. The one thing it doesn’t have that the Think Tank did was a way to carry a laptop, but in practice, I never used that — when I travel, the computer travels in its own bag.
I carry two bodies, the new Fuji X-T2 and my older but still quite useful Fuji X-T1. The Fuji X-T2 is usually attached to my birding lens, as you can see in the image of my bag above. It is the first mirrorless camera body that I’ve found can keep up with the action when a bird suddenly flushes and you’re trying to get it in frame, focussed and the body taking a burst of images. It has minimal shutter lag, a very fast and reliable exposure system and a very powerful and flexible autofocus system that will work pretty well when you first start to use it, but I’ve found with some practice and experimenting you can dial it in for just about any situation.
This image, for instance, was shot out of my car window after the eagle I was attempting to photograph flushed off a telephone poll, and literally flew straight at me and over the car about 15 feet over my head. What you see is a little bit of skill, but a lot of good decisions by both the autofocus system and the exposure system while I’m in a total panic attempting to get the camera aimed somewhere with the eagle in the frame. This image, by the way, is not cropped. Don’t ask how many images I took in the burst and how many were usable — what matters is the camera was able to make this happen even in a major spray and pray situation. I’m not sure any other camera, including my old favorite 7DmkII could have gotten this image, and I know trying to aim the 8 pound 150-600 I used with the Canon rig would have made aiming it on the fly impossible.
This camera almost feels magic to me; the exposure system does an amazing job of getting a good exposure and limiting or removing any blown out whites or crushed blacks; almost every image I pull out of the camera is workable in post processing, something I’ve never seen on any camera. With landscapes you can almost put it on full auto and get high quality images; with the critter photography, you need to take a more active role with the autofocus, and it really helps to know when to be in single point or region mode and how to quickly shift between the two — and, for what it’s worth, on the X-T2 “single point” can actually be made smaller or larger depending on your need as well. Once I got over my “it doesn’t work the way the Canon does” mindset and started trusting the autofocus to do its job, I started getting consistently sharp images at least as often as I did with the Canon, and in many situations, I have a better rate of usable photos. Like I said, Magic.
I typically use the X-T1 as my backup and second body, so it’s usually attached to the wide angle lenses, and I’m using it more often to experiment with taking video, and I’m starting to experiment with capturing audio with those video clips on it. I still really like the X-T1 a lot as a landscape camera, but it’s shutter and autofocus aren’t quite up to the needs of the action flight work.
What don’t I like about it? Battery life isn’t as good as the Canon, but it’s a smaller camera with smaller and lighter batteries. Think about it this way, though: in the field, do you want to carry a 3 pound camera with two spare batteries and expect to swap it once or twice during the day, or an 8 pound camera with a spare battery you probably won’t need (but you carry because you might?).
The answer is simple to me, but it does mean you have to plan for this, and if you are doing things like panoramas, heavy burst mode, long exposures or timelapses you need to plan for it. I typically carry five batteries for an all day shoot and I’ll use two and sometimes three. I also carry two chargers on the road, and my chargers plug into a USB power supply — like my car — so I can charge batteries on the fly if I need to. One thing on my long-term planning list it to explore either external battery power for timelapses and night photography or some kind of AC power setup for it. In the scope of the kind of work I do most of the time, it’s a small inconvenience.
Fujinon XF18-135mmF3.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR
The Fujinon 18-135 is my go-to wide angle lens. It looks like a kit lens, it’s almost priced like a kit lens, but if you take a closer look at it, it’s a really good lens. Sharp, fast autofocus, and Fuji has upgraded it’s weatherproofing to make it weather resistant (but not waterproof!). The zoom range is wide enough that I don’t need to carry two lenses — at one point I did, with the 18-55 and the 55-200, and while I liked the 18-55 a lot, the 55-200 felt slow and heavy and just didn’t impress me, and I’m a big fan of one lens instead of two when it makes sense.
It does make sense to me here; the X-T1 body with the 18-135 is a small and light package that covers most of my landscape needs nicely, and I’ve found it a great lans when doing event photography, where I really don’t want to have to worry about a second lens or carrying a bag through event crowds. Fast autofocus, sharp images, it’s a very solid performer that the more I use, the more I like it.
Weaknesses? There are times when I want to go wider, and so I’ve been tempted to add a 10-20mm lens to the mix, but those uses are fairly rare and instead I’ve been experimenting with stitched panorama the the camera vertical to get those images. So far, I’ve been really happy with those results.
Fujinon XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR
The Fujinon 100-400 is the first mirrorless lens on any platform to extend out into the super-telephoto range. With it, this makes Fuji the first mirrorless camera maker to be able to support the sports, action, wildlife and bird photography groups.
I’ve been using this lens for a couple of months and I’ve been quite happy with it. Paired with a 1.4x teleconverter, it gives me effectively the same as a 600mm lens would on my 7DmkII but without the weight. It fully supports automation and autofocus in that configuration, and attached to an X-T1, autofocus works reliably and quickly.
That said, when you start moving into these super-telephoto lenses, technique and practice become key. When you zoom out to 600mm, getting a subject into the frame at all, much less centered, is tricky, and if it’s moving keeping it in the frame is a challenge. You can run into camera shake issues, which is one reason why you’ll still find yourself using a tripod when you can. I have, more than once, lost my subject from the act of pressing the shutter, which caused me to shift the camera enough to lose the framing. What this means is you have to really be careful how you operate the camera or the chaos introduced into the system along with the strong magnification is going to make you crazy. This is all true of any super telephoto, not just the Fuji, but this is one of the first systems light enough to routinely hand carry: but be aware doing so creates opportunities, but with technical challenges. I’ve found raising the ISO to make sure I get a shutter speed freezing action is key to minimizing shake blur, but without good technique, none of that will really help, even with stationary subjects. This is a lens you have to learn to use well, but once you do, you’ll love the results.
Fujinon XF60mmF2.4 R Macro
The third lens in my bag is the Fuji 60mm Macro. It’s relatively new to my bag and I haven’t used it very much, so I don’t have a strong opinion on it yet, but when I have gone and tested it, I’ve liked the possibilities. This is unfortunately the lens best aimed at the kind of photography I haven’t yet shot regularly, so for me it’s a work in progress.
Other Bag Essentials
Here’s the rest of what I carry in the bag on a regular basis:
When Fuji released the 1.4x tele with the 100-400, I grabbed it and it quickly became an almost permanent attachment to the lens. It gives me the equivalent of a 560mm lens with full automation, fast autofocus and sharp images. Later on, I bought the 2x teleconverter as well, but my results with it have been much less consistent, so it’s still very much in testing/practice mode for me. I’m starting to wonder if I got a bad unit, but I haven’t decided yet.
I carry a bunch of cards, and I organize them with the Think Tank Pixel Pocket Rocket so they don’t get lost. Currently my go to brand is Lexar. To handle the fast burst speed of the X-T2 I had to upgrade to 1000X speed SD cards, and so I now own a full set of 64Gb 1000X cards. I typically carry four or five, and with video, I might use two and start a third on a typical shoot.
Think Tank Photo DSLR Battery Holder 4
Wasabi Power Battery (2-Pack) and Charger for Fujifilm (1400mAh)
Fujifilm NP-W126 Battery (1260mAh)
Post processing has made the need to carry lots of filters extinct. There are three classes of filters that you need to have in the field: Protection, Polarization and Neutral Density.
Protection filters are the common UV or Haze filters many people stick on to lenses to protect them from damage. I’ve found over the years that (a) I’ve only had a filter once protect a lens, (b) the money I spent on UV filters over the years would have paid to repair that lens (i.e., I didn’t save money spending it on filters before something bad actually happened) and (c) they can reduce contrast and increase flaring and other bad things, especially in bad lighting conditions, and double-especially in backlit or into-the-sun condititions. So I don’t carry UV filters any more, and I don’t put them on my lenses. Your mileage may vary, but ask yourself how much you’ve spent on them over the years, and how often they’ve actually protected your gear from something. Unless you’re in a hostile environment like salt spray a lot, you probably don’t need them.
Polarizers are a filter I use a lot, and there are some ways to sometimes simulate some things they do, but you can’t replace them with on-computer magic completely. They have an ability to mute reflections and glare as well as darken the sky, so I consider these important additions to the bag.
I have one for each of my key lenses. For my big lens I use the Hoya 77mm HRT Circular Polarizer, which is a nice middle-priced filter that creates few artifacts and little glare. Good, solid and reliable. For the smaller lens, I use the Hoya 67mm Pro1 Digital DMC Circular Polarizer Filter. It is a bit of a price upgrade over the other one, but I use it a lot more on the wide angle lens, and I like it’s low profile that minimized vignetting and it’s lack of a color shift or any noticeable glare problems. It’s a really nice polarizer, especially for the money.
With Neutral Density Filters, I only have them for the 67mm lens. I used a vari-ND filter for a while, one that lets you dial in the amount of darkening in a way that operates much like a polarizer, but I was never happy with color artifacts and other problems, so I finally upgraded to a set of three filters, the Tiffen 67mm Digital Neutral Density Filter Kit (ND 0.6, 0.9, 1.2 + Wallet). These can be stacked to give you up to ten stops of slowing, and these are critical if you want to experiment with slow shutter speeds (> 2 seconds) to smooth water or to get extreme water smoothing for images like my Bandon Lighthouse or Bandon Rocks images you’ll see in the slideshows above. These are much less finicky than my vari-ND was but with heavy stacks you can still get some vignetting and some color shifts, but the shifts are easily fixed in post. Overall, I’m quite happy with them.
Long term I’d like to have ND support for the larger lens, and I want to add some graduated ND filters to the mix, but when I do that, I plan on shifting to 100mm square filters and a holder that will work on all of the lenses with the right adaptors, and to do that means a bit of money and I just don’t have it as a priority right now. I also want to get a 10 stop filter when I do that so I don’t have to stack multiples. It’s on my — down the road — list.
- JJC JM-R(II) Wireless Shutter Release
- JJC compatible Fujifilm RR-90 Multi-Function Timer Remote Control
I’ve experimented with a number of shutter releases over the years and I’ve finally settled on two, one wired and one wireless. Both are by JJC and both are quite inexpensive. I use the wireless one when I’m locking the camera onto the tripod and I want to be able to trigger it when I see something but still want the ability to move around the area (or sit down and watch). I’ll used the wired shutter release in bad weather, when I’m working long exposures or timelapses or any other time when I’m staying near the camera or re-adjusting it between shots. Both work well, every shutter release I’ve found has User Interface quirks that make me scratch my head until I get used to them, and since they’re cheap, I don’t mind if I break one or lose it somehow. Since these are battery driven, I have to remember to carry spare batteries, because there’s nothing quite so painful as realizing your batteries are dead when you reach for the device. Because of that, I carry a couple of MN21/21 and a couple of CR2 batteries, since those are what my shutter releases depend on.
There are a few more things I keep in the bag. Every bag I use has a Petzl Headlamp, because when you work late and need a flashlight, you don’t want to realize your forgot to pack it. The same with the hex wrench to adjust and repair my tripod legs, my Giottos Rocket Air Blaster to clean the lens or sensor, and a pack of Field Notes Kraft to write notes to myself, along with a couple of pens. I also carry a Leatherman – Sidekick Multi-Tool and I’m tempted to put on in every bag, but I don’t need them that often, but when I do, it’s usually a situation that may abort a shoot if I can’t fix it. The leatherman units are awesome things to have handy when you need them. And don’t forget your Microfiber Cleaning Cloths to keep the lenses clean.
I carry the battery charger from the Wasabi pack listed above, and a card reader; my current favorite is the Transcend USB 3.0 Super Speed Multi-Card Reader. Both are there so I don’t have to remember to pack them when I travel (and I have permanent ones on my office at home as well).
I have a few things I carry that I rarely use but which when I need it can make a huge different. First is the Hoodman HoodLoupe Optical Viewfinder which lets me examine the LCD on the back of the camera without light or glare impacting the image. If you’re trying to figure out if you’re nailing the shot in the field, it’s a godsend. While most of the time I use and trust Automatic White Balance to get me close and adjust it back in the office, sometimes the light is really weird, and then I haul out the X-Rite ColorChecker Passport Photo, which is a grey card on steroids. Take a few test shots and it’ll allow you to tune in the colors back in the office quickly and easily. And sometimes, especially with macro work, I need to encourage or discourage the sun a bit. For that, I keep a small PhotoFlex Pocket LiteDisc (White/Gold)
handy, big enough to shield a flower from direct sun or bounce a bit of light to soften a harsh shadow. It won’t help with Cranes at 200 yards, but it’ll definitely make getting a shot of that California Poppy easier. And finally, because I seem hardwired to get my horizons off level and not notice in the field, I use the (March 2016 Update)Three Axis Hot Shoe Bubble Level on the camera to help me get the camera straight. Lest you think you should magically get that level horizon line on their own, when you start talking to other photographers it’s fun to see how many of them are consistently 2-3% off and rely on this to solve this problem.
Oh, and I always carry business cards to hand off, which have one of my photos on one side, my name, email and web site on the other. That’s a lot easier than trying to explain to someone how to find my photos verbally or writing it down.
My Tripods and Supports
I carry two tripods most of the time, because when I’m in the field I’m often set up with the big lens on one, and a wide angle lens on the other timelapsing, doing video, or being triggers remotely by me.
My big tripod is built on the Induro CT-113 Carbon Fiber legs. These are big, hefty, sturdy as a rock and effectively have no vibration so they help you get good images in bad and windy conditions. They are not cheap, but they’re well made, and a lot cheaper than other manufacturers like Really Right Stuff’s legs. For someone who’s not a full time shooting pro, these made a good compromise and I don’t regret it a bit.
On top of this tripod I usually use an Induro ball-head that’s no longer made but very similar to the Induro BHD2 Ballhead. This combo is rock solid, very little vibration and steady in blustery weather.
The problem? it’s big and bulky and while it’s incredibly stiff and sturdy, with the lighter weight of the mirrorless gear, that kind of rigidity isn’t as necessary unless I’m shooting long exposure in marginal weather. Increasingly I’m leaving it at home in favor of a smaller, lighter travel tripod.
That tripod is the Vanguard VEO 265CB Carbon Fiber Travel Tripod with Ball Head which weighs 3 pounds and folds up into a small package only 15″ tall, while extending to almost five feet. It fits easily into a suitcase for travel.
In my testing so far, it’s shown itself to be quite steady and stable, although not as much of either as my Induro sticks. Definitely good enough for most work so far. It’s not as rigid as the Induro is, but it’s more than good enough, and it’s much more compact and easier to handle. I’ve recently bought a second one primarily for use with my birding spotting scope, but I can repurpose it for my second camera when I want to.
If you’re looking for a good, portable, stable and light tripod, try the Vanguard. In using it the last few months I’ve been quite impressed, especially at the price. If you need something beefier the Induro sticks work quite well. Both live in the car with me, but the Vanguard increasingly is the one I haul out to carry with me in the field.
Both of those tripods have ballheads on them, but sometimes, you need a different type of head. When working with really big and heavy lenses, you’ll find aiming and securing a ballhead to be a challenge and most photographers end up shifting to a gimbal, which uses a pair of pivots to allow free motion of the lens — if you want to shoot wildlife or birds in motion, you’ll end the day doing so with a ballhead grumpy and frustrated, but the gimbal makes moving the lens to follow movement a lot easier. Unfortunately the gimbal most people recommend, by Waverly, is $500, and out of my budget. I was able to find one by an asian manufacturer, the Opteka GH1 Professional Gimbal Tripod Head for $100 so I gave it a shot. I’ve been really happy with it, especially at the price. The motion isn’t quite as smooth as the Waverly but it’s smooth enough, and it’s rock solid and feels well-built. It lets you lock down the camera when you’re not moving it, and there are adjustments to center the weight of the camera and lens on it for balance. Overall, it’s a great value.
One final accessory I’m starting to experiment with is the SunwayFoto DYH-66i Leveling Base. This attaches between the tripod legs and the head and allows you to level the head without having to try to make each tripod leg just right, so you can get set up and level faster and easier. This is especially important if you’re shooting panoramas where the travel across the scene has to be straight and level. If you’re shooting a single image, the bubble level in the hot shoe works well enough, but once you introduce motion into your shooting with panoramas, I think this kind of unit is going to be a lifesaver.
All of my camera have plates attached at the tripod attachment points, which give me quick-release usage on tripods and other holding devices. I use the Sunwayfoto clamp on my straps so I can quickly attach a strap to a camera to wear around my neck without having to remove the plates. Once you start doing it this way, you’ll never go back, because it also means you never have the neck strap getting in the way while the camera is on the tripod. the FastenR screw attaches to the clamp and lets you snap the strap onto it, giving you reliable connections from camera to neck.
My primary strap for the Fuji is the an older Black Rapid strap that can hold two cameras, one on each hip. It’s no longer manufactured but it’s similar to their current Breathe Hybrid. It’s comfortable and carries the cameras lower on my body, saving stress on the neck and back by balancing the load and placing it on the shoulders instead of across the back of the neck. I absolutely hate traditional camera straps that put the camera on your chest now that I’ve discovered these slider straps.
Since I want to be able to switch to using the tripod quickly, I attach an Arca-Swiss plate on all of my cameras, use a Sunwayfoto Screw Knob Clamp Arca Compatible, with a Black Rapid FastenR-3 attached to let me fasten the strap to it. That gives me a quick connect/disconnect of the strap so I don’t have to reconfigure the camera to use it both on a strap and on a tripod — and you can leave the strap on your shoulder so it’s not hanging on the tripod getting in your way.
I love the conveniences, I love that I don’t have a dangling strap in my way when I’m on the tripod, and I’m always amazed more people don’t use this kind of clamping system with their straps. But then, I don’t know why people still use neck straps when these shoulder sling straps exist…
Other Bits and Pieces and Travel Gear
That’s pretty much what’s in my bags and part of my every-outing gear in the car. There are also additional things I keep inthe office but will pack to take with me when I travel. First and most important: battery chargers, at least one for each battery type I use. I own the ones by the manufacturer, but I’ve been using Wasabi chargers as well with good results, and I’m now starting to test chargers that plug into USB ports, which if they work well will let me plug them into the charging station I travel with while being smaller and lighter. Too soon to be sure, but my early look is positive.
I also pack a sensor cleaning kit, since there’s nothing more frustrating than getting dust spots that won’t blow off two days into a two week trip. In that I keep a sensor loupe that lets me see a magnified view of the sensor: I use the Visible Dust BriteVue Sensor Loupe but since I bought it there are newer, less expensive options worth exploring. That lets me see whether the sensor needs cleaning and after, how well I did. I carry more lens cloths, because you never have enough and they’re always getting dirty and need to be replaced, and another air blower.
But for when that piece of dirt won’t dislodge without serious surgery, I also carry wet cleaning tools. Trust me, the first time you do this you’ll be nervous, but after a couple of tries, it gets better. Still you need to be careful because it’s possible to really screw things up if you get lazy, including scratching the sensor or getting fluid into the electronics.
To wet clean, you need two things: cleaning fluid and swabs. Both the 7DmkII and the Fuji use 16-17mm swabs and for fluid I use Eclipse Optic Cleaning fluid. Not this is different than the liquid lens cleaner you might use so don’t swap them. I should write about this process some day but Adorama has a good guide on it.
The last thing I carry on trips are spare hard drives: typically two, one to back up the computer, and one to store photos if I fill my main drive. the ones I use today are the Buffalo MiniStation TB 1 TB Portable Hard Drive which don’t require a power supply and are inexpensive. I typically don’t erase cards until the end of the trip (so it’s better to carry more cards than fewer!) which means my trip images are on at least 2 or three things until I get them home and get them backed up into the main backup systems — because there’s nothing worse than losing a card or having a disk problem on the road and costing you a week’s shooting. Backups matter, but most people don’t take them seriously until they get bit. Don’t be most people, and especially don’t be the person who WAS bit and still doesn’t take backups seriously. Seriously.
That’s a lot of stuff
Yup, that’s a lot of stuff, but to be honest, over the last year or so I’ve taken a hard look at what I use and don’t and gotten rid of all of the clutter of things I thought I’d use but really didn’t. And there are lots of things here that might give you ideas on how you can improve your kit. If you have thoughts or questions on this, please let me know and I’ll try to help you out!
(last update: April 2, 2017)